Growing Anonymous-Web-Proxy Usage Is Significant Security Threat

Monday, February 9, 2009

Schools long have struggled with savvy students who run anonymous Web proxy tools to bypass Web filters and secretly access banned Websites and content.  But the use of these potentially dangerous tools within the enterprise appears to be more widespread than was once thought.  A new study released today indicates that businesses may be clueless about the breadth of the problem: While 15% of IT managers report that Web filter bypass tools are in use in their organizations, it turns out that these tools are actually in use in three out of four organizations, according to FaceTime Communications, which polled both IT managers and its own customers on the topic…..Anonymous Web proxies, also known as proxy servers, anonymizers, and shadow-surfing tools, basically pass user Web traffic via other servers to get around an organization’s Web filters.  These tools come in various forms, but the most popular are Web proxy sites, such as, which let users reach banned sites from work, whether it’s gambling, social networks, or adult content.  They also come in desktop applications, such as Circumventor, that let users browse silently and anonymously over nontraditional browsing ports, hiding their IP addresses and other identifiable information.  Other bypass tools include online communities, such as TOR and Hopster, where users make their PCs available for use as proxies in support of freedom of communication over the Net, Capri (Frank Cabri, vice president of marketing and product management for FaceTime) notes…..Unauthorized Web proxy usage is nothing new to academia.  In a recent survey of schoolchildren by SmoothWall, 55% of students said they had seen another student go on an adult Website at school, while 49% of 13- to 17-year-olds said they had accessed blocked Websites from school.  But security experts say enterprise users are increasingly masking their Web traffic comings and goings with anonymizer and proxy technology more than many companies realize.  This is, in part, due to a generation of young workers graduating into the “real” world of the office who are accustomed to freely accessing social networks and other real-time communications media that may be banned in a business setting, or who have experience using proxies.  Sophos says about 58% of the organizations it helps block access to these Web proxies are colleges or school systems, and 42% are from the business world — mostly in media/broadcasting, public services, hospitals, and law firms…..And the number of Web anonymizer/proxy tools has grown rapidly.  FaceTime’s Cabri says his company has seen the number of Web anonymization proxy tools increase from around 60 applications more than three years ago to more than the 1,400 it’s currently tracking today

The trouble for apparently unaware businesses, of course, is the potential for silent malware infections, data leakage, and legal problems.  “They don’t know what’s going on with the apps users are accessing with those proxies,” he says.  And bypassing a Web filter typically means the traffic is bypassing antimalware gateways, as well, notes Tom Newton, product manager for SmoothWall.  Not knowing the risks your users are taking or where they are picking up potential infections leaves the organization wide open to attack, too.  “The whole point of the tool is that it’s untraceable,” he says.  For an organization to detect this unauthorized Web behavior is “a lot about having some oversight on what’s going on in the network,” he says.  Stewart Allen, a Toronto-based independent consultant, says enterprise use of proxies isn’t necessarily increasing — it’s just an ongoing problem.  For the most part, bypassing filters isn’t overly difficult: Less-technical users can Google to find anonymizers or proxy services, while more sophisticated users can set up a “jump station” in their homes that they can use from work to go out to the Web unrestricted, he says…..

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